Methods of Examination and Analysis

Conservation and Restoration
4.5 ECTS; 3º Ano, 2º Semestre, 30,0 T + 30,0 PL + 2,0 OT

- António João de Carvalho da Cruz

Not applicable.

a) To know the main methods of examination and analysis employed in the study of cultural heritage
b) To develop skills that allow to use and to interpret the information provided by these methods
c) To promote the multidisciplinary in the study and conservation of the cultural heritage

1. The electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter; 2. Examination methods making use of visible radiation; 3. Colour description and characterisation; 4. Radiography; 5. UV and IR photography; 6. Multi and hyperspectral imaging; 7. Optical microscopy; 8. Electronic microscopy; 9. Classical methods of chemical analysis; 10. X-ray fluorescence spectrometry; 11. Infrared spectrsocopy; 12. Raman spectroscopy 13. X-Ray diffraction; 14. Gas chromatography.

Evaluation Methodology
Reports and questions in TP classes (40 %) and written final examination (60 %). Approval is obtained when both components are equal to or higher than 10. The TP classes are mandatory.

- Verougstrate-Marcq, H. e Van Schoute, R. (1986). Scientific Examination of Easel Paintings. Strasbourg: Council of Europe
- Spoto, G. e Ciliberto, E. (2000). Modern Analytical Methods in Art and Archaeology. New York: John Wiley & Sons
- Artioli, G. (2010). Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage. An Introduction to the Application of Materials Science to Archaeometry and Conservation Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Stuart, B. (2007). Analytical Techniques in Materials Conservation. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons

Method of interaction
Lectures focused on theoretical principles and methods, its possibilities and constraints. TP classes comprising experiments and interpretation and discussion of results.

Software used in class
Not applicable.