Chemistry 1

Conservation and Restoration

4.5 ECTS; 1º Ano, 1º Semestre, 30,0 T + 30,0 TP + 2,0 OT

Lecturer
- Manuel Alberto Nogueira Henriques Rosa

Prerequisites
Not applicable.

Objectives
Understand the evolution of the concepts of structure of matter and the foundations and mechanisms of chemical bonding, stoichiometry and chemistry of salts in Heritage and Conservation and Restoration.

Program
Theoretical component:
Structure of matter: properties of matter; extensive and intensive properties; density and temperature (scales). Classification of matter: mixtures and pure substances. The atoms. The discovery of subatomic particles. Atomic number and isotopes. Ions. Periodic table. Periodic variation of metals, non-metals and metaloids. Electronic configurations and the periodic table: variation of atomic properties.
Chemical bonding: Octet rule. Covalent bonds, ionic and metal. Nomenclature of ionic compounds.
Stoichiometry: atomic mass, mole, molar mass and chemical reactions. Hit chemical equations; solutions and molarity. Preparation of solutions for weighing, diluting and from concentrated solutions.
Salts: What are salts?; Soluble salts and insoluble salts; Hygroscopy and deliquescence; Importance of the salts in the patrimony; Movement of salts on the walls of a building; Identification of carbonates, chlorides and sulfates by chemical tests.

Evaluation Methodology
Continuous assessment consists of five moments, three in the theoretical component and two in the practical component. Each evaluation moment is valued at 4 points for a final assessment that totals 20 points. Approval is obtained when the sum of all moments of evaluation is equal to or greater than 10 points.
All students must have an evaluation in both components with a minimum grade of 4 points, without which they will be excluded from the exam period.

Bibliography
- Eastop, D. e Timar-Balaszy, A. (1998). Chemical Principles of Textile Conservation. Oxford: Butterworth
- Mateini, M. e Moles, A. (2001). La Quimica en la Restauration. San Sebastian: Ed. Nerea
- Vina Ferrer, S. e San Andres Moya, M. (2004). Fundamentos de Química e Física para la Conservation y Restauration. Madrid: Ed. Sintesis
- Wilks, (ed), H. (1984). An Introduction to Materials. (Vol. 1). London: The Conservation Unit; Museums & Galleries Commission

Method of interaction
Theoretical classes where the theoretical fundamentals are taught and practical laboratory classes where will be carried out measurement of volumes, weighings, preparation of solutions and identification od anions.

Software used in class
Not applicable.