History and Theory of Conservation and Restoration

Conservation and Restoration
4 ECTS; 3º Ano, 1º Semestre, 30,0 T + 15,0 TP + 2,0 OT

Lecturer
- Fernando Sanchez Salvador

Prerequisites
Not applicable.

Objectives
An overview of the history of C&R:the 19th century and Viollet-le-Duc and John Ruskin;the modern theories of Camilo Boito, Giovannoni and Césare Brandi. Recent contemporary authors. Students must demonstrate to understand C&R ethical principles and make informed decisions.

Program
Summary of interventions on artwork before a concept of restoration. The nineteenth century.; Early theories and intervention criteria - the stylistic restoration of Viollet-le-Duc; John Ruskin and anti-restoration movement. Modern theories and criteria: Camillo Boito and Giovannoni. Brandi and the Critical Restoration. The evolution in Portugal - the century. XIX; Museum of Fine Arts to the present day. The performance of DGEMN.The full conservation.
1.Heritage, conservation and restoration. Previous notions and concepts.
2.Heritage and Monument, the evolution in time to the concept of cultural property. How is born the culture of conservation and restoration
3.As interventions on the works of art. Sculpture and pintura.Tratados, and theories from antiquity to the century. XIX. Early theories and intervention criteria and its genesis.
4.Teory of architectural intervention. Scientific restoration and critical restoration. Approaches to the art object. Respect the material and immaterial point of view, original materials. Compatibility concept, authenticity and irreversibility. Cesare Brandi and Theory of Restoration.
5.History Restoration in Portugal-1st Republic
6.History and Theory of Restoration and Conservation in Portugal. Cultural dimension. Examples
7.The restoration in Portugal - nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Extinction of religious orders and the defense of Portuguese heritage (D. Fernando II, Almeida Garrett, Mousinho de Albuquerque, Alexandre Herculano, Ramalho Ortigão.
8.The workshop of ancient art museum and the Institute José Figueiredo. The creation of DGEMN, their interventions, and its dissemination of publications.
9.Preventive conservation. The Conservative Restorer, training, functions, duties by law.
10.Ethical and deontological princíples of restorative conservative, bodies recommendations International (ECCO). International and national bodies and the protection of heritage,conservation and restoration.
11.Full Conservation New theories of conservation and restoration- S.Muñoz Viñas. Examples
12.The interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary. Archaeology of architecture.

Evaluation Methodology
Continuous assessment - class performance and written mid-term test.frequency and final assessment - written examination

Bibliography
- Brandi, C. (1988). A Teoria de la Restauración. Madrid: Alianza Editorial
- Gonzales-Varas, I. (2000). Conservación de benes culturales-Teoria, história, principios e normas. Madrid: Ediciones Cátedra
- Neto, M. (1997). James Murphy e o restauro do Mosteiro de Santa Maria da Vitória. Lisboa: Edtorial Estampa
- Martinez-Justícia, M. (2001). História y Teoria de la Conservación e Restauración Artistica. Madrid: Editorial Tecnos

Method of interaction
Theoretical and theoretical-practical using the lecture method
with audio-visual equipment support. Presentation of examples in class, and discuss cases with different criteria
intervention. Discussion papers and other publications

Software used in class
Not applicable.