Técnicas de Moldagem

Conservação e Restauro
3.5 ECTS; 2º Ano, 2º Semestre, 15,0 T + 45,0 PL + 2,0 OT

Lecturer
- Fernando Manuel Conceição Costa

Prerequisites
Not applicable.

Objectives
The student must be able to perform various types of molds; distinguish the types of molds and their applications; know how to make the correct choice of materials to be applied for each type of mold; master the technical processes for applying in conservation and restoration problems.

Program
1. Introduction

2. Difference between molding and modeling.

3. Mould:
3.1. What is a Mould?
3.2. So that serv a Mould?
3.3. When should you use?

4. Copy:
4.1. What is a reproduction?
4.2. When to opt for a full or partial reproduction?

5. Difference between copy, replication and falsification.

6. Types of reproduction:
6.1. Reproduction of Cultural type.
6.2. Reproduction of Technical type.
6.3. Reproduction of Social type:
6.3.1. Social limited.
6.3.2. Unlimited social.
6.3.2. Social speculative.

7. Evaluation Standards copies or reproductions.

8. Legislation and Codes of Ethics regarding the issue of reproductions.

9. Mould Types.
9.1. Lost mold.
9.2. Pressed mold.
9.3. Stuck mold.
9.4. Hard molds (Cast, Lost Wax, Polyester, etc.).
9.5. Flexible molds (Gelatin, Latex, Agar Agar).
9.6. Flexible molds Synthetics Hardening Cold (silicone and polyurethane).

10. Applied Molding the Preservation and Restoration of situations.
10.1. Simple molds Dentist wax.
10.2. Univalves molds, bivalves and Latex Glove.
10.3. Univalves and Bivalves molds in Silicone.

11. Molding Materials
11.1. The Clays
11.2. The Plasticine
11.3. The Jellies
11.4. The Plaster
11.5. The wax.
11.6. Latex.
11.7. Silicone.
11.8. The polyurethane.

12. Copy materials.
12.1. Clay.
12.2. The Wax.
12.3. The Gypsum.
12.4. Mortars (lime, cement).
12.5. The Polyurethanes.
12.6. The polyesters.
12.7. The epoxide resins.
12.8. The Acrylic Resins.

13. The materials used as separators or Release agent.
13.1. Release agent films.
13.2. Mold Releases liquids.
13.3. Post Release agent.
13.4. Folders or Release agent solutions.

14. Reproduction in Different Contexts.
14.1. Reproduction in Museologic context.
14.2. Reproduction as security measure.
14.3. Reproduction as Object of Investigation.

15. Techniques for Making copies or reproductions.
15.1. By leakage.
15.2. Injection.
15.3. By stratification.
15.4. Or by Electroplating.

16. Copies of finishing techniques.
16.1. Direct application of pigment in Molde.
16.2. Painting / Reintegration.
16.3. Polishing.
16.4. "Patines"

Evaluation Methodology
Continuous assessment: practical performance, technical report and mid-term test.
Final assessment: written examination.

Bibliography
- HAMER, F. (1986). POTTER’S DICTIONARY OF MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES. London: A & C BLACK
- CLÉRIN, P. (2002). LA SCULPTURE – Toutes les Techniques. Paris: Dessain et Tolra
- CHAVARRIA, J. (2004). A CERÂMICA – Colecção Artes e Ofícios. Lisboa: Editorial Estampa
- BRYDSON, J. (1989). Plastic Materials. London: ButterWorths

Method of interaction
Theoretical-practical Lectures with analysis of case studies and laboratory classes with implementation of practical exercises with different types of molds and materials and
report presentation of the procedures adopted.

Software used in class
Not applicable.