Conservação e Restauro 5

Conservação e Restauro
5 ECTS; 2º Ano, 2º Semestre, 15,0 T + 60,0 PL + 3,0 OT

Lecturer
- Fernando dos Santos Antunes

Prerequisites
Not applicable.

Objectives
Demonstrate to be familiar with the history and technology of furniture production, to be able to evaluate the material, technological, artistic and aesthetic nature of an object, to evaluate the state of preservation, make diagnoses and propose treatment methods.

Program
A. TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS
1. Types of Wood
1.1. Identification and dating processes
2. Resins, Adhesives and Gums
2.1. As gluing products
2.2. As a finishing / polishing products
3. Furniture Production
3.1. Accessories used in the production and decoration
3.1.1. Metal accessories ? types and functions
3.1.2. Accessories in other various materials - types and functions
3.2. Furniture structure
3.2.1. Assembly, dovetails and joins - types and forms
3.3. Furniture decoration
3.3.1. Materials ? wood, metal, osteological, malacological, animal skins, resins, adhesives and gums, waxes and oils
3.3.2. Types and techniques of decorative works and coatings
3.3.2.1. Carvings, turned, profiles
3.3.2.2. Inlays
3.3.2.3. Plated, veneers, marquetry
3.3.2.4. Gilding and silvering - with leaf | with metal tempera
3.3.2.5. Lacquered and encrusted
3.3.2.6. Synthetic plated and laminates
3.3.3. Wood colouring
3.3.3.1. Paints ? tempera | oil | encaustic
3.3.3.2. Transparencies ? dyes
3.3.3.3. Wood stains ? mordents
3.3.4. Woods finishes
3.3.4.1. Polishing ? oil | wax | varnish | mixed
3.3.5. Seat upholstery, beds and other
3.3.5.1. Sole and leather embossed
3.3.5.2. Plaits with vegetable and synthetic fibbers, and animal tissues
3.3.5.3. Upholstery ? natural and synthetic fabrics | natural and synthetic leathers

B. DEONTOLOGY AND ETHICS OF INTERVENTION IN FURNITURE
1. Type of Intervention to Elect
1.1. The preservation
1.2. The conservation
1.3. The restoration
2. Criteria and Aspects to Consider
2.1. Classification of Cultural Asset
2.2. Intrinsic and extrinsic values that the cultural object understands itself and its history
2.3. Type of function or using
2.4. Express wish of the owner
2.5. Ethical and deontological principles
2.6. Scientific and technical advice
2.7. Technical and technological available means
2.8. Conservation condition ? alterability and Alteration (Damages and Pathologies)
3. Methodology to Establish by the Conservator-Restorer

C. PREPARATORY PHASE OF TREATMENT
1. Registration and Documentation of Cultural Asset
1.1. Execution of photographic records and graphic schemes
1.1.1. General and detail photographic survey
1.1.2. Cartography or mapping of the conservation condition - damage and pathologies
1.2. Filling of Technical Worksheet
1.3. Filling of Record Worksheet
2. Survey of the Environmental Conditions of the Location Provenance of the Object
2.1. Temperature, humidity, lighting and pollutants
3. Conservation Condition Survey
3.1. Identification with the use of point and area exams and analysis
3.1.1. Naked eye, macroscopically and microscopically examination
3.1.1.1. Identification of materials and production techniques
3.1.1.2. Identification of past interventions
3.1.1.3. Processes of alterability and alteration - damage and pathologies
3.2. Analysing, interpretation and discussion of Results
4. Diagnosis and Formulation of Treatment Proposal

D. CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION INTERVENTION
1. Conservation of Structure
1.1. Disinfection disinfestation - products and techniques
1.2. Consolidation - products, materials and techniques
1.3. Pre-fixing and fixing of surface decorative revetments
1.4. Review of the structure
1.4.1. Disassembling
1.4.1.1. Removal of binding metallic elements - nails, screws, ironmongery
1.4.1.2. Cleaning of dirty and removal of glues, adhesives and gums
1.4.1.3. Cleaning of corrosion products of metallic elements
1.4.1.4. Stabilization of metallic elements - application of protective layer
1.4.2. Assembling of elements
1.4.2.1. Collages and collages grips - techniques and materials
2. Restoration of the Structure
2.1. Reconstitution of missing elements - structural and decorative
2.1.1. Techniques and materials
2.2. Filling gaps in the structure
2.2.1. Techniques and materials
2.2.2. Fillings levelling
2.3. Conceiving Supporting Structures
2.3.1. Techniques and materials
3. Conservation Surface
3.1. Fixing chromatic and pictorial layers
3.2. Attachment / gluing of decorative or revetments elements
3.3. Cleaning
3.3.1. Cleaning systems - physical, chemical, by the wet process, dry or mechanical, and combined.
3.3.2. Solubilisation tests of dirtiness and strata
3.3.3. Cleaning means - chemical reagents, organic solvents, enzymes, detergents, gels, abrasives
3.3.3. Cleaning levels - extension and precautions
3.3.4. Removal of repainting and repolishing - paints, varnishes, waxes and oils
4. Restoration Surface
4.1. Fill gaps
4.1.1. Materials and techniques
4.1.2. Fillings levelling
4.2. Re-polishing surfaces
4.3. Chromatic and Pictorial Reintegration
4.4. Application of protective layers

Evaluation Methodology
CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT - Theoretical(50%) + Laboratory(50%):

-Technical Report Form + Work Sheet(25%);
-Written Work(25%);
-Performance(35%);
-Attendance(15%);

FINAL ASSESSEMENT - Improvement of written work.

Bibliography
- ORDOÑEZ, L. e ROTAECHE, M. e ORDOÑEZ, C. (1996). Il Mobile: Conservazione e Restauro. Fiesole: Nardini Editore
- MCGIFFIN, R. (1983). Furniture Care and Conservation. Nashville, TN: AASLH
- COLARES, J. Manual do Marceneiro. Biblioteca de Instrução Profissional. Brasil / Lisboa: Livraria Bertrand e Imprensa Portugal
- WERNER, A. e BROMMELLE, N. (1965). Deterioration and Treatment of Wood. Joint Meeting of the ICOM Committee for Scientific Museum Laboratories and the ICOM Sub-Committee for the Care of Paintings. Washington and New York: ICOM

Method of interaction
Lectures;
Laboratory lessons including practice on furniture under the lecturer's supervision;
Tutorials including pedagogical, technical and scientific support to students.

Software used in class
Not applicable.