Introduction to materials

TeSP - Produção Artística para a Conservação e Restauro
3 ECTS; 2º Ano, 1º Semestre, 15,0 PL + 30,0 TP


Not applicable.

1. Identify rocks and minerals with common occurrence
2. Know the rocks, sediments and clays used in stone earth construction
3. Know the production of binders and mortars

Theoretical-practices and laboratory practices components:
1. Stone materials, sediments and minerals
1.1. Igneous rocks: granite and basalt
1.2. Sedimentary rocks: limestone and gypsum
1.3 Metamorphic rocks: shale
1.4. Sediments: sand, silt and clay
1.5. Minerals: silica, feldspar, calcite, gypsum and clay minerals
1.5.1. Types: oxides, hydroxides, silicates, aluminosilicates, sulphates and carbonates

2. Stone materials uses in stone construction
2.1 Use in foundations, pillars and masonry
2.2. Structure and general properties of the stone materials
2.2.1. Mechanical strength
2.2.2. Impermeability versus porosity

3. Sediments and clays used in earth construction
3.1. Utilization in adobe, compressed earth block, rammed earth and tabique
3.2. Structure and general properties of the sediments and clays
3.2.1. Particle size and distribution of grain/particle
3.3. Structure and general properties of the utilization
3.3.1. Cohesion and stability
3.3.2. Mechanical and seismic strength
3.3.3. Permeability and porosity versus impermeability

4. Rocks and sediments used in binder materials and mortars
4.1 Classic binders: gypsum, lime, hydraulic lime and cement
4.1.1. Types: air and hydraulic
4.2. Classic mortars: simple and bastard
4.2.1. Main function and application
4.3. Traditional production of binders
4.4. Traditional production of mortars
4.5. Structure and general properties of the mortars
4.5.1. Fresh and hardened state
4.5.2. Setting time
4.5.3. Shrinkage and cracking
4.5.4. Porosity
4.5.5. Water, mechanical and chemical strength

5. Sediments and clays used in ceramics and glazes
5.1. Types of ceramics and glazes
5.2. Functions and applications
5.3. Production of ceramics and glazes
5.4. Structure and main properties of ceramics and glazes
5.4.1. Shrinkage and dilatation
5.4.2. Porosity and water absorption
5.4.3. Mechanical and chemical strength

Evaluation Methodology
1. Closed book exam.


Method of interaction
1. Theoretical practices focused on the exploration of basic concepts and elementary principles.
2. Laboratory classes which applying of technical concepts, including experimentation, and observation.

Software used in class
Not applicable.