Art and Culture I
Mestrado em Conservação e Restauro
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Understand and caracterize Western Art as part of the cultural development in the Western society focusing on the evolution of the aesthetic concept across the centuries until the Modern Age.
Students should be able to collect and process scientific data from historical and artistic area
I- Introduction to the Theory and History of Art
1.1 - Origins of Aesthetics, History of Art and Art Criticism .
1.2 - Artistic creation and aesthetic judgment : artistic value and aesthetic value.
1.3 - The different artistic fields: the artistic techniques .
2 - The current situation of the History of Art -Science .
2.1 - The role of art historian in the preservation of cultural heritage.
3-The approach to art object.
3.1 - The status of the artwork and its evolution.
3.2 - The concept of masterpiece.
4 - The interpretation of the artwork (formal and symbolic analysis)
4.1 - The crypto-history of art as proposed theoretical renewal.
4.2 - The "trans-memory" of the images.
II-The Classical Antiquity: the mythology and the artwork
1 - Ethics and Aesthetics in the Greco-Roman Civilization (Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus).
2 - The Greek Civilization
2.1 - The art as a cultural service.
2.2 - The appearing of "order" and "canon".
2.3 - Painting as mythical imitation of an imaginary reality.
3. The Roman Civilization
3.1 - The art serving the political power.
3.2 - The appearance of treatises. "De Architectura" of Marco Lucio Vitruvius
III-The Middle Ages: a world of symbols.
1 - Art and Beauty in Medieval Aesthetics. The Beautiful as Light.
2 - The art serving the religion.
3 - The symbolic and allegorical nature of art works.
3.1 - The work of art as "figurative Bible."
4 - The collectivity and anonymity of the artwork.
5 - The Roman art and Gothic art as a reflection of "divine".
5.1 - God as "unicus et elegans architectus"
5.2 - The subordination of sculpture and painting relatively to architecture.
5.3 - The divine status of the painted image
6 - Cultural and artistic reality in Portugal in the late Middle Ages.
6.1 - The work of art reflecting the political and cultural unity of the Kingdom. The portuguese mentality and culture.
6.1.1 - The environment of the new artistic forms: the religious beliefs, moral and customs.
6.1.2 - The foundations of the national culture. The culture of the elites and the appearance of the first schools.
IV The Modern Age. Renaissance as a theory of Western artistic image.
1 - The new concepts of art and beauty. The emergence of the concept of "beautiful art".
2 - The scientific perspective.
3 - Proportion, harmony and rehabilitation of the classical orders in architecture.
4 - The consecration of treatises and its development.
5 - The artistic image and the political, social and religious power.
5.1 - The importance of Ekphrasis.
5.2 - The image as a visual narrative.
5.3 - The difusion of engraving
6 - The role of patronage.
7 - The new social status of the artist.
V- The portuguese mentality and culture at the beginning of Modern Ages.
1. Openness to Classicism
1.1 Cataldo Parisio Sículo and the introduction of Humanism in Portugal.
1.2 - Modernity and the "Geração de Quinhentos"
1.2.1 - Erasmus's principles and their influence in Portuguese cultural renewal.
1.2.2 - The reform of educational institutions.
2 - Originality and marginalization of Portuguese humanism.
2.1 - Scientific development outside the established knowledge.
2.2 - The literary development. The travel literature.
VI-A new artistic environment in Portugal
1 - Portugal and the imperial artistic endeavors.
1.1 - The essence of "Manuelino". The imperial ideology and Emanuel myth.
1.2 - The Manueline symbolic and the celebration of Power.
1.3 - The importance of allegories and micro-iconography.
One research project work on an under-explored topic, presentation and oral defense. Oral assessment of course content.
- Argan, G. (1988). História e Crítica de Arte. Lisboa: Estampa
- Hauser, H. (1989). História Social da Arte e da Cultura. (Vol. I,II,III). Lisboa: Vega/Estante
Method of interaction
Lectures and practical classes focused on the analysis of works of art and texts to understand its cultural and artistic dimensions.
Software used in class