Art and Archaeology of Peninsular Protohistory

Master's degree in Prehistoric Archaeology and Rock Art, Publication in the Diário da República - Despacho nº 17071/2009 - 23/07/2009

3 ECTS; 1º Ano, Anual, 7,0 T + 12,0 TC + 8,0 S

Lecturer

Prerequisites
Not applicable.

Objectives
Identify the specificity of the settlements and trerritory's organization in the Hillfort's Culture.

Know examples of arquitectonic and scultoric art from the Hillforts.

Gather skills in the research of the rock art in the area of the Hillforts.

Approach the importance of the horse in the hierarquies of the Celtiberic society and its consequences in the arts.

Know the Celtiberic funerary rituals and their artistic representations.

Identify the typology of the Post-Palaeolithic incised rock art in Portugal and its geographic distribution.

Indicate the main Portuguese sites with this kind of art.

Mention parallels ouside Portuguese borders.

Explain the problematic of the chronology of the Post-Palaeolithic incised rock art.

Gather skills of typological and chronological analyses of this kind of art.



Program
1 – Protohistoric Cultures from the North of the Iberian Peninsula
1.1 – The Hillforts’ Culture
1.1.1 – Origins, Settlement and territory organization
1.1.2 – Art in Architecture and Sculpture from the Hillforts’ Culture
1.1.3 – Rock art in the settlements’ area. Typology of figures.

1.2 – The Celtiberian
1.2.1 –Specificities of the Celtiberian Culture and its distribution area.
1.2.2 – The importance of the horse in the hierarchy of the society. Artistic representations
1.2.3 – Funeral rituals and their reflections in art.

2 – Post Palaeolithic incised Rock Art from Portugal in European context: similarities and differences.
2.1 - Characteristics of the incised rock art in Portugal and its geographical distribution.
2.2 – Main Portuguese sites with this kind of art. New discoveries.
2.3 – Typology and parallels beyond frontiers. Motifs not existing in Portugal.
2.4 – The importance of some examples from the Iberian Peninsula for chronological discussion
2.5 – The contribute of computer science for studying this kind of rock art.2.6 – The problematic of conservation.
2.7 – The interpretation. Methodologies.


Evaluation Methodology
The students will be evaluated through the elaboration of a short report of about 1000 words, regarding any one of the contents tecahed in the classes. The deadline and conditions of this task are discussed with the students. These will be evaluated not only bu the produced report but also through their participation in the classes and shown interest on the program contents.
The elaboration of this report aims to prepare the students for the writting of future articles.

Bibliography
- Coimbra, F. (2013). RUPTEJO: Arqueologia Rupestre da Bacia do Tejo. Arte Rupestre da Idade do Bronze e da Idade do Ferro na Bacia Hidrográfica do Médio/Alto Tejo Português. Síntese descritiva. (pp. 1-163). Tomar: ARKEOS
- Coimbra, F. (2013). Common themes and regional identities in European Late Prehistoric filiform rock art. . (pp. 179-185). Capo di Ponte: Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici
- Silva, A. (2007). A Cultura Castreja do Noroeste de Portugal. (Vol. 1). (pp. 13-314). Paços de Ferreira: Museu Arqueológico da Citânia de Sanfins
- Images of Transition: the Ways of Death in Celtic Hispania.(2008, 31 de janeiro). Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, pp. 53-68.

Method of interaction
PowerPoint presenting the most relevant and updated scientific research regarding the thematic area.

Use of significant examples and articles, aiming to stimulate the students' interest and their participation in the classes.

Software used in class