Art and Archaeology of Peninsular Protohistory

Master's degree in Prehistoric Archaeology and Rock Art, Publication in the Diário da República - Despacho nº 17071/2009 - 23/07/2009

3 ECTS; 1º Ano, Anual, 7,0 T + 12,0 TC + 8,0 S


Not applicable.

1 - To understand what is Archaeoacoustics.

2 - To know contributes of Archaeoacoustics in the study of Prehistoric Art.
2.1 - To identify representations of musical instruments in rock art.
2.2 - To analyse dancing scenes in rock art and their problematics.

3 - To analyze the origins of music.
3.1 - To identify Palaeolithic sound producing objects.
3.2 - To know the first intentionally built musical instruments.

4 - To know acoustic phenomena in megalithic monuments and their reflections on art.
4.1 - To understand megalithic art as a possible sound representation.

1 Brief introduction to Archaeoacoustics.
1.1 Pioneering work
1.2 Development of the research
1.3 Acoustics and intentionality in Prehistory

2 Palaeolithic soundscapes
2.1 Communication artefacts (bullroarers and whistles)
2.2 Objects of musical character (flutes, lithophones and idiophones)
2.3 Origins of music and early musical behaviour
2.3.1 The voice and human body in the origins of music (vocalizing, handclapping)
2.3.2 First intentionally built musical instruments
2.3.3 The Aurignacian flutes from the Jura Valley. The flutes from Isturitz

3 The contribute of Archaeoacoustics in the study of Prehistoric Art
3.1 Reverberation in caves and the location of rock art
3.2 Social organized sound and its influence in megalithic art
3.2.1 The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni (Malta)
3.2.2 The megalithic monuments of the British Isles.

4 Archaeoacoustics and Post-Palaeolithic Rock Art
4.1 Sedentary life and the multiplication of musical instruments
4.2 Music and dancing scenes in rock art
4.3 Musical instruments in rock art
4.4 Dancing scenes in rock art. Problematic of interpretation.

Evaluation Methodology
The students will be evaluated through the elaboration of a short report of about 1000 words, regarding any one of the contents tecahed in the classes. The evaluation focus not only in the produced report but also in the participation in the classes and shown interest in the program contents by the students.
The elaboration of this report aims to prepare the students for the writting of future articles.

- Scarre, C. (2006). – Sound, Place and Space: Towards an Archaeology of Acoustics. (pp. 1-10). Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
- Cross, I. e Watson, A. (2006). Acoustics and the Human Experience of Socially-organized Sound. (pp. 107-116). Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
- Diaz-Andreu, M. e Matioli, T. (2019). Rock Art, music and acoustics: a global overview. (pp. 503-528). Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Coimbra, F. (2018). Archaeology, Archaeoacoustics and Early Musical Behaviour. (pp. 13-21). Myakka City: Old Temples Study Foundation

Method of interaction
PowerPoint presenting the most relevant and updated scientific research regarding the thematic area.

Use of significant examples and articles, aiming to stimulate the students' interest and their participation in the classes.

Software used in class
PowerPoint and platform TEAMS