Geotechnics and Building Foundations
5 ECTS; 1º Ano, Anual, 42,0 TP
The aim of this curricular unit is to provide the students with knowledge that allows them to:
identify risk situations
make decisions regarding interventions in buildings and work sites.
1-General concepts 1.1 Soil Mechanics 1.1.1 - Origin of soils 1.1.2 - Physical and mechanical properties of soils 1.1.3 - Laboratory tests for classification and compaction of soils 1.1.4 - Field tests for control 1.1.5 Groundwater flow and seepage 1.1.6 - Stress / strain relationship in different types of soils 1.1.7 - Compressibility and consolidation of clay strata 1.1.8 - Shear Strength 1.1.9 Earth pressure and retaining Walls 1.1.10 - Methods of soil investigation and testing. Analysis of results 2 - Standardization and Regulation. 3- Applied Geotechnics. Examples of practical cases.
4 - Foundations 4.1 - Types of shallow and deep foundations. 4.2 - Load capacity 4.3 Settlements 4.4 - Safety criteria: global and partial. 4.5- Earth retaining structures 4.5.1- Constructive processes. 4.5.2-Stability of retaining structures: formulation and calculation. 4.5.3-Brief reference to flexible retaining structures: 4.6 Excavations.
Continuous evaluation. Written test with theoretical component and practical component, in all evaluation periods. Only students with a final grade of 9.5 or higher and who have obtained in the written test a grade equal to or greater than 40% of the grade in each of the components (Geotechnics (part I) and Foundations (part II)). Final grade is the arithmetic mean of the scores obtained in Part I and Part II.
- Bowles, J. (1988). Foundation Analisys and Design. .: McGraw-Hill
- Chen, W. (2003). The Civil Engineering Handbook. .: WFChen and JYRichard Liew
- Coelho, S. (1996). Tecnologia de Fundações. .: E. P. Gustave Eiffel
- Ordem dos Engenheiros , . (2004). Geotecnia Recomendações. Lisboa: OE
- Tomlinson, M. (1986). Foundation Design and Construction. .: .
Method of interaction
The expositive and interactive methods are used, supported by written texts and audiovisual equipment. Research, analysis, reflection and decision are encouraged by proposing themes for debate and resolution of exercises.
Software used in class