Paper Technology (Option)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
5.5 ECTS; 3º Ano, 2º Semestre, 30,0 T + 30,0 P


Basic knowledge of chemistry, physics, material and energy balances and raw materials.

Students are expected to familiarise themselves with paper manufacturing processes, paper chemistry and the operations involved in paper production as well as understand paper chemistry.

1 - The historical context of papermaking.
2 - Raw materials - Characteristics and processing.
3 - Stock Preparation and wet-end operations.
4 - Refining / beating.
5 - Paper Machine
6 - Paper Chemistry (wet-end chemistry)

Evaluation Methodology
Theoretical component: written test. Practical component: laboratory
coursework and reports. Final mark is the average of the two components.
A minimum mark of 10/20 in both components is required to pass.

- Karlsson, M. (2000). Papermaking, Part 2 ? Drying. Atlanta: Tappi Press
- Neimo, L. (2000). Papermaking Chemistry. Atlanta: Tappi Press
- Paulapuro, H. (2000). Papermaking Part1, Stock Preparation and Wet End. Helsinquia: Fapet Oy

Method of interaction
Explanatory lectures and laboratory classes.

Software used in class
Not applicable.