TeSP - Segurança e Proteção Civil, Publication in the Diário da República - Aviso nº 13406/2016 - 31/10/2016

5 ECTS; 2º Ano, 1º Semestre, 30,0 PL + 30,0 TP

Lecturer
- Maria de Lurdes Belgas da Costa
- Rodrigo Emanuel Branco Bertelo

Prerequisites
Not applicable

Objectives
.Know the prevention measures for urban, industrial and forestry fires;2.Know and understand the specificity of fires in buildings;3.Assess the risk of fire in buildings; 4. Know the strategies of fire fighting 6. Know and apply fire control measures

Program
1.Introduction
The importance of fire safety in buildings
Data on some building fires
Things to consider for building fire safety:
- Architectural
- Civil engineering
- Technical Facilities
- Smoke ventilation and control

2.Fire physical and chemical characteristics
2.1. Combustion and the resulting products
General concepts
Combustion of flammable solids, gases and liquids
Oxidising
Products resulting from combustion

3.Fire dynamics and extinguishing agents
3.1. Heat transmission
Driving
Convection
Radiation
3.2. Development of fires inside buildings
Stages of development of a fire
Heat power and fire load
Form of fire spread inside the building
3.3. Fire reaction of construction products and fire resistance of building elements

4. Fire fighting and control
5. Fire safety
5.1. The movement of people and the evacuation of buildings
Concepts related to the evacuation of buildings
Conditioning factors of people's movement
Generic recommendations on evacuation paths
5.2. Smoke control in buildings
Control processes and general characteristics of installations
General principles of smoke control: an enpulsion effect; chimney effect; effect of thermal expansion; effect of wind action
General characteristics of smoke control installations
5.3. Hydraulic installations for the extinction of fires in buildings:
Dry columns
Moist columns
Beloved systems with semirrigid hoses
Extinction means and processes
Automatic water extinguishing systems (SPINKLERS)
Automatic fire extinguishing systems with other extinguishing agents

6.Fire safety regulations in buildings
6.1.Risk of fire in buildings and safety in the technical premises of a building
6.2. Warning, alarm and alert
Concepts enshrined in standardisation
Establishment of an automatic fire-declaiming system (SADI)
Types of fire detectors
Means of alarm, alert and signaling
Design and operation of a SADI
6.3.Means of intervention of buildings and safety signs
Emergency signage and lighting
Lighting sizing
Location of signage and lighting
6.4. RSCIE analysis

7. Prevention of urban, industrial and forest fires
7.1. Analysis of the risk of fire in buildings
Gretener method
Method ARICA2019
Brief reference to other methods

8. Case studies. Fires in Portugal

Part 2

1. Fire Start and Spread
Forest Fire; Use of Fire;
2. Factors Affecting forest fire behavior
Fuel;
Weather Conditions;
Relief;
3. Behavior of Forest Fires
Physical phenomena describing the behavior of fires;
The dynamics of the forest fire;
Main types of forest fire spread;
Observation of smoke columns;
Interaction of the various factors;
4. Safety in Forest Fire Fighting
Security triangle;
Basic safety rules;
Physical fitness, nutrition and hydration in forest fires;
Effects of smoke and inhalation of CO;
Personal protective equipment;
General safety rules;
General safety rules with vehicles;
18 Situations that scream Danger;
10 Safety Standards;
LACES;
Fire Shelter.
5. Fighting Forest Fires
Extinguishing agents;
Terrestrial extinguishing media;
Aerial means;
Parts of the forest fire;
General March of Operations;
Situation points;
Methods and Tactics of Combat;
Operations Management System (SGO)
6. Introduction to Reading Military Charts at Scale 1:25000
Margins and subtitles;
Scales
Distances and slopes;
Slope calculation;
Dimension, altitude, level curve;
Representation of relief by the level curves method;
Relief forms/orography;
Geodesy;
Reference directions;
UTM coordinates;
7. Communications Procedures
Management of Emergency Communications Networks/ Civil Protection;
ANPC Emergency Communication Networks;
SIRESP - Integrated System of Emergency and Security Networks of Portugal.

Evaluation Methodology
The evaluation consists of a written test (50%) in which students should obtain a rating higher than 9.5 values and in two practical works (50%). One work is included in the application of the RSCIE and a methodology for assessing the risk of fire to a building. The other work is part of forest fires. The works are mandatory delivery at all times of evaluation. The final classification of the U.C. is the result of the weighted average between the written test and the papers.

Bibliography
- Castro, A. (2004). Combate a Incendios Urbanos e Industriais. Sintra: Escola Nacional de Bombeiros
- Leca Coelho, A. (2010). Incendios em Edifi­cios. Lisboa: Orion
- Angle, J. (2008). Firefighting stategies and tactics. Albany: Delmar Thomson Learning
- Lei nº 123/2019 - RT-SCIE.(2019, 18 de outubro). Diario da Republica,

Method of interaction
Exhibition classes for the presentation of theoretical contents. Presentation of cases that favor the critical intervention of students. Carrying out practical work. (Application of RSCIE and Assessment of the risk of fire to a building).Study visits

Software used in class
ARICA2019