History of photography 2

 

Photography, Publication in the Diário da República - Despacho n.º 8645/2020 - 08/09/2020

4 ECTS; 1º Ano, 2º Semestre, 30,0 T + 10,0 OT

Lecturer
- António Martiniano Ventura

Prerequisites
Not applicable

Objectives
Understanding Photography throughout the 20th century and how this process of representation changed the way of seeing the World.
To know the facts, the actors and the currents of thought that defined the role of Photography in society.
Develop skills in autonomous research and study and in the presentation and discussion of the proposed topics.

Program
Photography in the 20th Century:
- Art or science?
- Forging an identity ...
- The spirit of time ...
- Diversity and conflict ...
- Challenge and change ...
- The digital age ...
Portuguese Photography of the 20th Century:
- The first half of the 20th century and the humanist conjuncture of the 60s and 70s;
- Between the Modernism of artistic elites and the Portuguese technicist Salonism;
- Photographers and photographs, essays and trends ...
Some currents of thought:
-Social Photography, by Lewis Hine (1874 - 1940)
-Photoralist Photography, by Alfred Stieglitz (1864 - 1946)
-Photography and Artistic Photography, by Marius de Zayas (1880 - 1961)
-Is photography a new art? (unknown author)
-Photography and the new God, Paul Strand (1890 - 1976)
-Expression and Mechanism, Franz Roh (1890 - 1965)
-Photography, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy (1895 - 1946)
-The Age of Light, Man Ray (1890 - 1976)
-Photography at a Crossroads, Berenice Abbott (1898 - 1991)
-The Resurgence of Photography, Walker Evans (1903 - 1975)
Other relevant themes and subjects:
-The Centenary of Photography, Paul Valéry (1871 - 1945)
-A Little History of Photography, Walter Benjamin (1892 - 1940)
-New References and New Views: The 19th Century, William M. Ivins, Jr. (1881 - 1961)
-The Ontology of Photographic Image, André Bazin (1918 - 1958)
-Photography, Siegfried Kracauer (1889 - 1966)
-The Rhetoric of the Image, Roland Barthes (1915 - 1980)
-Notes for the Phenomenology of Photographic Image, Hubert Damisch (1928 - 2017)
- Understanding a Photography, John Berger (1926 - 2017)

Evaluation Methodology
According to the contents to be discussed, several themes will be proposed to be developed throughout the semester. These works will require research and autonomous study by the students. The works will be presented, discussed and defended before the class. The final evaluation will result from the arithmetic average obtained in the set of works carried out during the semester.
The exam will require a written test.

Bibliography
- Ang, T. (2014). Photography, the definitive visual History. London: Dorling Kindersley Limited
- Rosemblum, N. (1998). Une histoire mondiale de la photographie. .: Editions Abbeville
- Trachtenberg, A. (1980). Classic Essays on Photography. . Branford, Stony Creek: Leete’s Island Books
- Serém, M. (2009). A Fotografia em Portugal, Arte Portuguesa, da Pré-história ao Século XX. . . lisboa: Fabu Editores

Method of interaction
Theoretical classes will be taught, study visits and external participation will be organized. Applied research projects will also be proposed based on texts, documents and testimonies produced by the photographers and researchers at that time.

Software used in class