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Conservação e Restauro

Conservation and Restoration of Architectural Heritage

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7 ECTS; 1º Ano, 2º Semestre, 15,0 T + 60,0 PL + 3,0 OT , Cód. 938087.

- Fernando Manuel Conceição Costa (1)(2)

(1) Docente Responsável
(2) Docente que lecciona

Not applicable

1. Develop the ability to observe a work of art, necessary to analyze and prepare diagnoses prior to intervention;
2. Develop the capacity for graphic, photographic and bibliographic research, as well as complementary means of investigation to aid intervention;
3. Develop the ability to summarize the documentation created during the work by preparing a final report similar to the reports required by Decree-Law 140 of 2009;
4. Develop the technical skills necessary for work in the context of conservation and restoration work, applying the knowledge acquired in practice.

1. Natural degradation:
1.1. Chemical alteration of the stone,
1.2. Physical alteration of the stone.
2. Degradation on site:
2.1. The action of biodegradation,
2.2. The effects of ice and soluble salts,
2.3. The effects of thermal variations.
3. Atmospheric pollution:
3.1. The effects of atmospheric pollution: Chemical effect.
4. Biodeterioration:
4.1. Higher plants,
4.2. Fungi and Lichens,
4.3. Algae,
4.4. Bacteria.
5. Forms of alteration and degradation:
5.1. Terminology,
5.2. Identification and characterization,
5.3. Examples.
6. Concepts:
6.1. Conservation,
6.2. Maintenance,
6.3. Repair,
6.4. Restoration,

6.5. Rehabilitation,
6.6. Reconstruction.
7. Intervention in architectural heritage:
7.1. Sample collection,
7.2. mineralogical-petrographic analysis,
7.3. Chemical analysis,
7.4. Biological analyses.
8. Cleaning:
8.1. Mechanical cleaning,
8.2. Cleaning with nebulized or atomized water,
8.3. Cleaning with an ultrasonic device,
8.4. Cleaning with abrasive microjet,
8.5. Chemical cleaning,
8.6. Cleaning using special pastes and clays,
8.7. Cleaning using pastes or patches,
8.8. Cleaning using LASER,
8.9. Disinfestation, higher plants, algae, mosses and lichens.
9. Consolidation:
9.1. Efficacy tests; harmfulness and durability,
9.2. Consolidating application methods.
10. Collages:
10.1. Structural adhesives,
10.2. Non-structural adhesives,
10.3. Reinforcement spikes.
11. Gap filling or microplastering:
11.1. Organic and inorganic binders,
11.2. Aggregates,
11.3. The color.
12. Protection:
12.1. Characteristics of water repellents,
12.2. Application techniques.

Evaluation Methodology
Final Grade = PT (40%) + PP (60%) PP
PT = Theoretical Part, consists of a written test and can be taken at any time, frequency...
PP = Practical Part, consisting of practical performance (40%) and the Final Report (60%).
The Final Grade, PP and PT values must be equal to or greater than ten values.

- Luís, A. (2001). As Rochas dos Monumentos Portugueses: tipologias e patologias . (Vol. I e II). Lisboa: Cadernos do Instituto Português do Património Arquitectónico (IPPAR)
- XAVIER, B. e FERRÉ, N. e CORTINA, L. e KRÖNER, S. (2010). Identificacíon y Caracterización de Materiales Pétreos en Patrimonio Histórico-Artístico. València: València : Universitat Politècnica de València
- Princípios para análise, conservação e restauro.(2003, 31 de outubro). ICOMOS, Victoria Falls - Zimbabué - 31 de outubro de 2003,
- Questions of authenticity.(2019, 0 de dezembro). Conversaciones… con Herb Stovel. Revista de Conservación. Instituto Nacional de Antrolopogía e Historia, Secretaría de Cultura. Coordenación Nacional de Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural, ICCROM, pp. 55-72.

Teaching Method
Theoretical classes and laboratory classes where students are asked to carry out diagnoses, methodologies and also conservation and restoration interventions in a real context.

Software used in class
Not applicable




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