Raw Materials (Option)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
5.5 ECTS; 3º Ano, 1º Semestre, 30,0 T + 30,0 P

- Natércia Maria Ferreira dos Santos

Not applicable.

Be able to characterise fibrous and non-fibrous materials and to become
familiar with refining equipment. Be aware of the influence of refining
and their operational conditions in the final characteristics of paper.

I. Sustainable development. Biodiversity.
I1. Portuguese forest.
I2. Forest products.
II. Forest products with applications in the paper industry.
III. Physical and mechanical properties of fibrous materials.
IV. Refining and factos influencing. Effects of refining operation on fibres.
V. Influence of refining in the physical and mechanical properties of paper.
VI. Properties of nonfibrous materials.

Evaluation Methodology
I. Literature review report.
II. Laboratory coursework and reports.
Final grade is the average of the two components.
Minimum passing score: 10/20 in both assessment components.

- Biermann, C. (1996). Handbook of Pulping and Papermaking. S. Diego: Academic Press
- Paulapuro, H. (2000). Papermaking Part1, Stock Preparation and Wet End. Helsinquia: Fapet Oy
- Soderbjelm, L. e Levlin, J. (1999). Pulp and Paper Testing. Helsinquia: Fapet Oy
- Velho, J. (2003). Mineral Fillers for Paper: Why, What, How. Tomar - Portugal: Tecnicelpa

Method of interaction
Lectures and laboratory classes.

Software used in class
Not applicable.