Fluid Mechanics

 

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Publication in the Diário da República - Despacho nº 10764/2011 - 30/08/2011

4 ECTS; 1º Ano, 2º Semestre, 15,0 T + 30,0 TP

Lecturer

Prerequisites
Not applicable.

Objectives
Develop skills to carry out calculations with Newton's law, basic law of hydrostatics, law of continuity of flows, equation of Bernoulli, continuous loss of energy, and power of pumps and turbines.

Program
1 - Fluid Properties
1.1 - external forces
1.2 - volumic weight and density
1.3 - Compressibility
1.4 - Viscosity
1.5 - Surface tension and capillarity
1.6 - Vapour pressure
1.7 - Pressure

2 - Hydrostatics
2.1 - Hydrostatics law
2.2 - Relative and absolute pressures
2.3 - Pressure Gauges

3 - Hidrocinemática
3.1 - trajectory and current line
3.2 - Types of flows
3.3 - Flow rate and average velocity
3.4 - Laminar and turbulent flow

4 - Hydrodynamics - Principles
4.1 - Bernoulli's Theorem
4.2 - piezometric and power lines. Piezómetro and Pitot tube
4.3 - Hydraulic Power. Pumps and turbines

5 - Hydrodynamics - Laws of Resistance
5.1 - tangential stress in the solid border
5.2 - Reynolds's Experiment
5.3 - Darcy's equation for friction factor
5.4 - Colebrook-white formulas and equilibrium diagram

Evaluation Methodology
Continous assessment: Three closed-book tests. (overall grade is the arithmetic mean, minimum pass mark = 9.5/20)
Exam assessment: written exam with minimum mark of 9.5/20.

Bibliography
- White, F. (2011). Mecânica dos Fluidos. São Paulo: AMGH Editora, Lda (McGraw-Hill)
- Darby, R. e Chhabra, . (2017). Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics. Boca Raton (Florida - USA): CRC Press
- Fox, R. e Pritchard, P. e McDonald, A. (2010). Introduction to Fluid Mechanics. Asia: John Wiley and Sons
- Quintela, A. (2000). Hidráulica. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian

Method of interaction
Theoretical sessions in which the concepts and laws of fluid mechanics are provided and theoretical-practical sessions where exercises are proposed and solved by the students under the lecturer?s supervision.

Software used in class
Not applicable.