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Gestão da Edificação e Obras

Building Materials

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Publication in the Diário da República: Despacho n.º 7571/2019 - 26/08/2019

5 ECTS; 1º Ano, Anual, 42,0 TP , Cód. 81864.

- Jorge Morarji dos Remédios Dias Mascarenhas

Not applicable.

I-Know the different types of materials taking into account their obtaining, physical, chemical and mechanical properties, composition, structure and applications
II-Know the manufacturing process of various components
III-Know how to prescribe the most suitable materials for each application.
IV-Know the standards, specifications and tests for the quality and application of materials

1. Introduction
1.1 Introduction to the study of construction materials; 1.2 Criteria for
classification; 1.3 General characteristics and basic properties; 1.4 Reception and processing tests
investigation; 1.5 Main standardization bodies; 1.6 The sustainability of construction materials: general aspects; 1.7 Awareness of the problem of RCD
2- Earth as a construction material
2.1 Generic characterization of earth as a construction material; 2.2. Expedited testing; 2.3 Corrective actions; 2.4 Construction processes; (rammed earth, adobe and BTC)
3- Natural stones
3.1 Main types of stones used in construction 3.2 Properties; 3.3 Experimental processes used to determine some properties; 3.4 Selection criteria; 3.5 Extraction and transformation; 3.6 Main Portuguese natural stones and their applications.
4- Binders: aerial and hydraulic
4.1-Types (gypsum, aerial lime, hydraulic lime and cement); 4.2. Obtaining different ligands; 4.3 chemical transformations during cooking; 4.4 Main properties and applications.
5- Concrete
5.1 Constituents: Cement, aggregates, additions, adjuvants; 5.2 Compositions; 5.3 Mixing forms and concrete mixers; 5.4 Ready-mixed concrete plants; 5.5 Forms of transport; 5.6 Pumping; 5.6 Concreting; 5.7 Curing process; 5.8 Concrete defects; 5.9 Types of concrete (visible, white concrete, fiber concrete, BCC; 5.10 Shotcrete (dry and wet); 5.11 Component manufacturing processes (pipes, tiles, blocks, pre-slabs, beams and posts
6- Wood and derivatives
6.1 The importance of wood in civil construction; 6.2 Classification of trees: hardwood and resinous; 6.2.1 Structure and development of wood; 6.2.2 Main species existing in Portugal; 6.3 Main properties and applications; 6.3.1 Physics; 6.3.2 Mechanics; 6.4. Tests for wood classification; 6.5 Main stages of the transformation process; 6.5.1 Cutting; 6.5.2 Drying: natural and artificial; 6.6 Changes and defects in wood; 6.6.1 Physical defects; 6.6.2 Defects resulting from cutting and drying; 6.7 Treatments: preservation, dressings and fire retardants; 6.8 Wood derivatives; 6.8.1 Agglomerates: fibers and particles; 6.8.2 Veneers and plywood; 6.8.3 Laminated wood; 6.8.4 Cross-glued laminated wood.
6.9 Examples of standardization in the wood sector
7-Metals and metallic alloys
7.1 Construction Steel; 7.1.1 Physical and mechanical properties; 7.1.1Characterization and
characterization of steels for reinforced concrete reinforcement according to EC2; 7.1.3Treatments
mechanical, thermal and thermochemical; 7.2 Non-ferrous metals; 7.2.1 Origin and process of
obtaining; 7.2.2 Physical and mechanical properties; 7.2.3 Applications and commercial forms
chains; 7.3 Metal alloys; 7.3.1 Composition; 7.3.2 Main properties and applications; 7.4 Protection of metallic materials and structures; 7.4.1 Protection against corrosion; 7.4.2
Fire protection; 7.5 Component manufacturing processes
8- Ceramics
8.1 General classification; 8.2 Single- and double-fired products and sanitary ware; 8.3 Raw materials and obtaining processes; 8.4 Main properties; 8.5 Technological tests and quality control; 4.6 Ceramic materials incorporating waste; 4.7 Component manufacturing processes
9- Glass
9.1 Glass composition: raw materials and additives; 9.2 Glass manufacturing processes
flat; 9.3 Manufacture of glass fibers; 9.4 Main properties of glass; 9.5 Main technological tests; 9.6 Commercial forms and applications; 9.7 Special glasses. 9.8. Standards
10- Cork and derivatives.
10.1 Main properties; 10.2 Main applications; 10.3 The black cluster of
cork and other cork-derived products; 10.4 Some standards regarding cork products
11- Polymers
11.1 Plastic materials; 11.1.1 Chemical nature of plastic materials; 11.1.2 Molecular structure of polymers; 11.1.3 Thermoplastics, thermosets and elastomers; 11.1.4 Composition of plastic materials; 11.1.5 Processing techniques; 11.1.6 Physical, chemical and mechanical properties; 11.1.7 Factors that influence mechanical properties; 11.1.8 Properties and applications of commercial plastics; 11.2.Paints and varnishes; 11.2.1 Components: filler, vehicle, solvents, pigments and additives; 11.2.2 Manufacturing and quality control; 11.2.3 Classification and purpose of painting; 11.2.4 Preparation of painting surfaces; 11.2.5 Choice of painting systems; 11.2.6 Equipment and techniques for applying paints and varnishes; 11.2.7 Painting pathologies; 11.3 Bituminous products; 11.3.1 Origin and composition; 11.3.2 Main characteristics; 11.3.3 Technological tests; 11.3.4 Applications of these products; 11.3.5 Traditional and non-traditional waterproofing systems
12- Composite materials:
12.1-Types of fibers (carbon, glass, basalt, aramid); 12.2 Types of CFRP blankets (unidirectional, bidirectional, four-directional); 12.3 CFRP blades; fibers reinforced with FRG resin; 12.4 Mortars reinforced with FRCM fibers
12.5 Component manufacturing processes (pultruded profiles)
13- New construction materials.
13.1 Brief approach; 13.2 Nanomaterials; 13.3 Phase change materials;
13.4 Concepts and definitions; 13.5 Applications
14- Material tests
14 Tests on mortars and concrete: 14.1. Tests on fresh concrete and hardened concrete; 14.2
Physical and mechanical tests on mortars.

Evaluation Methodology
Continuous assessment and examination:
Written assessment (Av, test) and a work (T)
Weighting for final grade (NF): NF=(2 Av+T)/3
The student is exempt from the exam if the value of the invoice is equal to or greater than 9.5 val. (0-20 val.)

- Mascarenhas, J. (2009). SISTEMAS DE CONSTRUÇÃO VOL.VII-MATERIAIS CERÂMICOS. (Vol. VII). Lisboa: Livros Horizonte
- Bouer, L. (2019). Materiais de Construção. (Vol. I). S. Paulo: LTC
- Silva et al., L. (2013). Materiais de Construção. (Vol. I). Lisboa: Publindústria

Teaching Method
Expository method for explaining fundamental content; Exemplification of practical cases, which allow reflection on knowledge, stimulating self-learning, interactivity and critical reflection among students. Carrying out study visits.

Software used in class
Not applicable.




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