Publication in the Diário da República: Despacho nº 10764/2011 - 30/08/2011
5.5 ECTS; 3º Ano, 2º Semestre, 30,0 T + 30,0 P
Basic knowledge of chemistry, physics, material and energy balances and raw materials.
Students are expected to familiarise themselves with paper manufacturing processes, paper chemistry and the operations involved in paper production as well as understand paper chemistry.
1 - The historical context of papermaking.
2 - Raw materials - Characteristics and processing.
3 - Stock Preparation and wet-end operations.
4 - Refining / beating.
5 - Paper Machine
6 - Paper Chemistry (wet-end chemistry)
Theoretical component: written test. Practical component: laboratory
coursework and reports. Final mark is the average of the two components.
A minimum mark of 10/20 in both components is required to pass.
- Paulapuro, H. (2000). Papermaking Part1, Stock Preparation and Wet End. Helsinquia: Fapet Oy
- Neimo, L. (2000). Papermaking Chemistry. Atlanta: Tappi Press
- Karlsson, M. (2000). Papermaking, Part 2 ? Drying. Atlanta: Tappi Press
Explanatory lectures and laboratory classes.
Software used in class