Theory and Criticism of Art

Mestrado em Conservação e Restauro
5.5 ECTS; 1º Ano, 1º Semestre, 45,0 T + 15,0 TP + 3,0 OT

Lecturer
- Maria Teresa Ribeiro Pereira Desterro

Prerequisites

Objectives
The aim of this subject is to provide students with the resources that would enable them to understand the works of art
Acquiring operative tools of analysis and research on the works of art, Constructing a scientific discourse that uses interdisciplinary methodologies
Call the attention for conservation and safeguard practices,
Appeal to a structured organization of the analytical research
To develop the analytical capacity and the critical spirit in relation to the artistic production

Program
I-Problematization around the approach to the work of art
-Problematization around the approach to the work of Art
1 - The status of the work of art and its evolution.
1.1 - The concept of artistic object and its evolution.
1.2 - The concept of masterpiece.
2 - Artistic creation and aesthetic judgment.
2.1 - The problem of taste. From taste to aesthetic.
2.2 - Artistic value and aesthetic value.
3 - Reflections on the discipline of Art History
3.1. The discipline of the History of Art (autonomy, dimension, utility) and the agent of discipline
3.2 - The current situation of the History of Art-Science
3.3 - Artistic production as "open work" (Umberto Eco)
3.4 - The interpretation of the work of art.
3.4.1 - Notion of artistic program
3.5 The relationship of art history with other areas and scientific knowledge
3.6. The agents of artistic production: artists, commissioners, patrons, customers.
4- Research methods in the discipline of Art History
4.1. Heuristic research and archive research: the sources, their review, organization and treatment
4.2. The bibliographical research
4.3. The analytical observation of the work of art, the main document of the Art History
4.4. Heuristic research and archive research: sources, their review, organization and treatment.
4.5. The construction of a research work: plan, text, notes, organization of attachments. Organization of Historical Fortune, Critical Fortune and Aesthetic Fortune
4.6. The Micro-History of Art, the Crypto-History of Art and the Total Art
4.7. The analytical study of a work of Art.
5. Literary sources of Art History
5.1. The art treatises (Vitruvius, Leon Battista Alberti, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Andrea Palladio, Sebastiano Serlio)
5.2. The artists biographies (Giorgio Vasari, Giovan Pietro Bellori, Cirillo Volkmar Machado)
5.3. The diaries of artists (Jacopo Pontormo)
5.4. The "dialogues" (Pomponio Gaurico, Francisco de Holanda)
5.5. The "parangonas" (Benedetto Varchi)
5.6. The technical manuals (Teófilo, Cennino Cennini, Filipe Nunes).
6. The history of art and the conservation / revaluation of artistic heritage
6.1. The artistic heritage
6.2. The musealization of works of art
6.3. UNESCO and the major measures to protect cultural and artistic works of art.
7 - Epistemological similarities and differences
7.1 - History of Art
7.2 - Aesthetics
7.3 - Theories of Art
7.4 - Art Criticism.

Evaluation Methodology
* attendance , interest , commitment and ability to deliver innovative work proposals (10%)
* capacity for reflection , intervention and discussion of some topics covered in classes (10%)
* research work, written and presented orally (80%)

Bibliography
- ARGAN, G. (1988). Arte e Crítica de Arte. Lisboa: Estampa
- ESQUÍVEL, P. (2007). Teoria e Crítica de Arte em Portugal. Lisboa: Colibri
- OSBORNE, R. e STURGIS, D. e TURNER, N. (2006). Art Theory for beginners. London: ZP
- RODRIGUES, A. e MOREIRA, R. (2012). Tratados de Arte em Portugal. Lisboa: Scribe

Method of interaction
Theorectical and practice lectures focused on artwork analysis and texts to understand its cultural and artistic background.
Visits to museums, exhibitions.
Tutorial support.

Software used in class