Philosophy of Conservation

Mestrado em Conservação e Restauro
4 ECTS; 1º Ano, 2º Semestre, 15,0 T + 30,0 TP + 2,0 OT

Lecturer

Prerequisites
Not applicable.

Objectives
The purpose of this discipline is to endow Students with theoretical and methodological bases allowing them, on the one hand, to establish effective and up-to-date intervention protocols, regardless of their area of specialization, and, on the other hand, to have a sustained and inclusive dialogue with the increasingly diverse actors involved in heritage decision making. Complementing the development of sensibility and technical execution capacities that is sought in this second cycle of studies, this discipline will:
a) Exercise and develop capacities for reflection and critical analysis, as well as capacities for argumentation and communication in conservation;
b) Promote the ability to articulate conservation with other key areas for its deeper understanding, from applied sciences to history and history of art, sociology, anthropology and economics;
c) Clarify the role of Conservation-restoration in today's society; present trends and current ways of conceptualizing conservation; understand the challenges that today's society poses to conservation-restoration;
d) Raise debate via the presentation of challenging situations in the scope of heritage preservation, which require thinking beyond what is established and do not respond to classical paradigms;
e) Provide conceptual tools for theoretically grounded and ethically sound conservation decision making.

Program
1. Fundamental concepts of contemporary thinking in Conservation
1.1. What is Conservation today? Is there a contemporary theory of conservation? What is conserved?
1.2. Definition of Conservation and key Concepts: significance / values; authenticity; integrity.
1.3. Axiological systems in Conservation: Riegl; Burra; GCI; Applebaum; Significance 2.0; J.A.-Smith.
1.4. How is it conserved? Current ethical principles: compatibility (non-harmfulness + durability); minimal intervention; reversibility - retractability - removability; discernibility; sustainability; interdisciplinarity; intersubjectivity.
1.5. Scope and applicability of ethical principles; the adaptive ethics of S. Muñoz Viñas.
2. Methodologies to support decision-making / planning of CR interventions
2.1. Movable heritage and historic interiors - B.Applebaum's Conservation Treatment Methodology;
2.2. Movable heritage and collections - Significance 2.0;
2.3. Built Heritage - the Burra Charter Process and J.S. Kerr's Conservation Plan;
2.4. Built and archaeological heritage - M.Demas / Getty Conservation Institute; Historic England;
2.5. Contemporary Art - SBMK/ICN Model;
2.6. Ethnographic heritage - M. Clavir; F. Matero; J. Janowski;
2.7. Living Heritage - ICCROM and I. Poulious.
3. Current Trends and Concerns of Conservation Theory
3.1. heritage communities;
3.2. heritage and human rights;
3.3. cultural tourism and its consequences on conservation;
3.4. heritage and sustainability.

Evaluation Methodology
Theoretical-practical classes of compulsory attendance for exam admittance.
The evaluation consists of active participation in classes (30%) + written essay (70%), to be submitted during the exams period.

Bibliography
- Appelbaum, B. (2007). Conservation Treatment Methodology. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
- Muñoz Viñas, S. (2005). Contemporary Theory of Conservation. Londres: Routledge
- Riegl, A. (2013). O Culto Moderno dos Monumentos e Outros Ensaios Estéticos. Lisboa: Edições 70
- Australia ICOMOS, . (0). The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance (including Practice Notes)). Acedido em 1 de fevereiro de 2019 em http://australia.icomos.org/wp-content/uploads/The-Burra-Charter-2013-Adopted-31.10.2013.pdf

Method of interaction
T and TP classes describing and illustrating the programmatic contents, resorting to concrete cases and debates to promote content learning. Presentation of practical cases reflecting the addressed issues.

Software used in class
Not applicable.