Philosophy of Conservation
Mestrado em Conservação e Restauro, Publication in the Diário da República - Despacho nº 9982/2016 - 05/08/2016
4 ECTS; 1º Ano, 2º Semestre, 15,0 T + 30,0 TP + 2,0 OT
- Maria João Cassis Valadas Revez
The purpose of this discipline is to endow Students with theoretical and methodological bases allowing them, on the one hand, to establish effective and up-to-date intervention protocols, regardless of their area of specialization, and, on the other hand, to have a sustained and inclusive dialogue with the increasingly diverse actors involved in heritage decision making. Complementing the development of sensibility and technical execution capacities that is sought in this second cycle of studies, this discipline will:
a) Exercise and develop capacities for reflection and critical analysis, as well as capacities for argumentation and communication in conservation;
b) Promote the ability to articulate conservation with other key areas for its deeper understanding, from applied sciences to history and history of art, sociology, anthropology and economics;
c) Clarify the role of Conservation-restoration in today's society; present trends and current ways of conceptualizing conservation; understand the challenges that today's society poses to conservation-restoration;
d) Raise debate via the presentation of challenging situations in the scope of heritage preservation, which require thinking beyond what is established and do not respond to classical paradigms;
e) Provide conceptual tools for theoretically grounded and ethically sound conservation decision making.
1. Fundamental concepts of contemporary thinking in Conservation
1.1. What is conserved? What is heritage?
1.2. Key concepts: significance / values; authenticity; integrity;
1.3. Axiological systems in Conservation;
1.4. How is it conserved? Current ethical principles;
1.5. Scope and applicability of ethical principles.
2. Methodologies to support decision-making / planning of CR interventions
2.1. Movable heritage and historic interiors - Conservation Treatment Methodology (Appelbaum);
2.2. Movable heritage and collections - Significance 2.0;
2.3. Built Heritage the Burra Charter Process and the Conservation Plan (Kerr);
2.4. Built archaeological heritage - M.Demas / GCI; HistoricEngland;
2.5. Contemporary Art - SBMK/ICN Model;
2.6. Ethnographic heritage - M. Clavir; F. Matero;
2.7. Living Heritage - ICCROM and I. Poulious.
3. Current trends and concerns of Conservation theory
3.1. heritage communities;
3.2. heritage and human rights;
3.3. heritage and sustainability.
Evaluation depends on an active participation in the classes (20%) and a written work (80%) with a minimum grade of 10/20 consisting of a statement of cultural significance of an object selected by the Student, using a duly substantiated methodology.
- Appelbaum, B. (2007). Conservation Treatment Methodology. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
- Muñoz Viñas, S. (2005). Contemporary Theory of Conservation. Londres: Routledge
- Riegl, A. (2013). O Culto Moderno dos Monumentos e Outros Ensaios Estéticos. Lisboa: Edições 70
- Russell, R. e Winkworth, K. (2009). Significance 2.0: A guide to assessing the significance of collections. Sydney: Collections Council of Australia
- Australia ICOMOS, . (0). The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance (including Practice Notes)). Acedido em 1 de fevereiro de 2019 em http://australia.icomos.org/wp-content/uploads/The-Burra-Charter-2013-Adopted-31.10.2013.pdf
Method of interaction
T and TP classes describing and illustrating the programmatic contents, resorting to concrete cases and debates to promote content learning. Presentation of practical cases reflecting the addressed issues.
Software used in class