Design and Graphic Arts
5 ECTS; 1º Ano, 2º Semestre, 45,0 PL + 15,0 TP + 4,0 O
Students should understand general chemistry and its application in the graphic processes as well as the variables of chemical processes.
1 - Structure of matter: properties of matter; extensive and intensive properties; density and temperature (scales). Classification of matter: mixtures and pure substances. The atoms. The discovery of subatomic particles. Atomic number and isotopes. Ions. Periodic table. Periodic variation of metals, non-metals and metaloids. Electronic configurations and the periodic table: variation of atomic properties.
2 - Chemical bonding: Octet rule. Covalent bonds, ionic and metal. Nomenclature of ionic compounds.
3 stoichiometry: atomic mass, mole, molar mass and chemical reactions. Hit chemical equations; solutions and molarity. Preparation of solutions for weighing, diluting and from concentrated solutions.
4 - Ionic balance: acid-base systems Bronsted-Lowry and Ahrrenius. The auto-ionization of water. The concept of pH. PH measurement: indicators and meters. PH electrode sensor. The reference electrode. Operation of the combined electrode. Temperature effect on the pH measurement. Calibration of the pH meter.
6 - Organic Chemistry: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes. Nomenclature of saturated hydrocarbons. Nomenclature of cycloalkanes. Functional groups: Alcohols and ethers; Aldehydes and ketones; Carboxylic acids; Esters; The amines; Amides; polymers
Practical work # 1 - Lab work for the ambiance of students to chemistry laboratory, knowledge of commonly used material, the use of analytical balances and familiarization with the descriptive statistical data analysis.
Practical work # 2 - laboratory work for the implementation of the stoichiometry of knowledge in the preparation of solutions for weighing, dilution and from concentrated solutions.
Pratical work # 3 - Laboratory work to determine the pH of paper.
Continuous assessment including practical and theoretical components. A minimum mark of 10/20 is required in both components. Final mark is as follows: theoretical component (60%)and practical component (40%).
- Gammon, S. e Ebbing, D. (2012). General Chemistry. Belmont: Brooks/Cole
- Atkins, P. (1989). General Chemistry. Nova Iorque: Scientific American
- Goldsby, K. e Chang, R. (2013). Química. New York: McGraw Hill
- Eldred, N. (2001). Chemistry for the Graphic Arts. Pittsburgh: GATF Press
Method of interaction
Lectures and laboratory sessions including the preparation of solutions and determination of paper pH.
Software used in class